EL Strategies for All Contents
Teachers can develop the Vocabulary of an English Learner by directly teaching words and how those words are related to topic, standard, or unit of study.
Teachers can assist English Learners by using the CLOZE strategy where vocabulary words are removed from content area text in order to require the student to use specific definitions, and language cues in the text.
Before the lesson, assign EL students a random number and let them know that you will always call on them at their number sequentially. For example, if Maria is number 3, then the teacher calls on two students first, then Maria. This strategy can be used throughout the year and numbers can be reassigned, just not too frequently, and not without student's knowledge.
Choose English only students who do well in or excel at your content and who are also kind and open to working with others. These English only students will be consistently paired with EL students regardless of group numbers. The English only student can help bring the EL student along when doing large class activities, as well as small groups and think pair shares. Offering a reward, points, credit, service hours etc. is always helpful. Alternating responsibilities can also be helpful when needed.
English only students outline textbook notes in a two column chart. Left side is Main Idea, and right hand side are details and examples. These notes are given to the EL prior to lecture on said topic/concept/chapter.
Rewards can help: points, extra credit, service hours, etc.
Modeling through think-alouds is the best way to teach all learning strategies. By thinking aloud, teachers show students what good learners do. Think-alouds can be used during read-alouds, shared reading, demonstrations of how to take notes, complete a lab or other content work. They can also be used during small-group activities to review or reteach a previously modeled strategy.
The Fishbowl method allows you to explicitly teach a variety of listening and speaking skills. It is one way to shine a light on the specific skills that can either move a discussion forward or shut it down. The Fishbowl offers the class an opportunity to closely observe and learn about academic listening and speaking interactions. You can use it in any content area.
The attachment uses the words "social interactions." Please think of that as listening and speaking skills.